You are currently viewing Master Wang Xian’s Tai Chi Quan Q&A. – 2

Master Wang Xian’s Tai Chi Quan Q&A. – 2

What is the best time of day to practice Tai Chi?

When it comes to the timing of Tai Chi practice, the key is to choose a suitable time for yourself. How should this be understood? Firstly, consider your free time and consciously arrange a systematic schedule if possible. That would be ideal. Secondly, choose a time when you feel relatively relaxed and at ease. Even if you have free time, if your mind is burdened or restless, it will be difficult to practice Tai Chi effectively. Of course, some people find that engaging in Tai Chi when they are feeling agitated helps them gradually calm down. This is one of the psychological benefits of Tai Chi practice, but it typically applies to individuals who have been practicing for a longer time and have developed a certain level of skill. For beginners, it is best to practice with a relaxed state of mind. The specific time during the day doesn’t matter much, but if possible, practicing in the morning is generally preferable.

Is it better to practice Tai Chi with or without music?

The use of music in Tai Chi practice is a developing trend. In traditional Tai Chi, there was no music, nor were there conditions to consider its use. However, over time, some people started incorporating music into their practice, especially during performances, and found it to be effective. Initially, there were debates about whether adding music detracted from the intrinsic charm of Tai Chi, mechanized its essence, or affected its depth. On the other hand, some believe that Tai Chi itself has an inherent rhythm and is a beautiful form of movement. The addition of music helps to explore its musical potential and better showcase the beauty of Tai Chi. Generally speaking, when Tai Chi is practiced as a form of popular fitness, it is acceptable to use music appropriately. It can enhance the practitioner’s interest, aid in memory, and serve as a means of adjusting the practice. The selection of music is important. Since it is for fitness purposes, the music should be soothing, pleasant, and not overly intense in terms of rhythm. The musical theme should also be health-oriented. Many people nowadays enjoy using Chinese classical music as accompaniment, which works well too. Chinese traditional music has a rich cultural heritage and can reflect the characteristics of the nation. The duration of the music should match the length of the Tai Chi routine, especially at the beginning and end, ensuring a smooth transition. Some people also use modern music as background for Tai Chi, which can be effective. If feasible, one can even choose or create music specifically tailored to complement the movements of the Tai Chi routine. Additionally, different styles of Tai Chi routines may require variations in music. For higher requirements, the mood of the music should align with the style of the routine, creating a better synergy. In order to promote Tai Chi, standardized Tai Chi music recordings have been created, which can serve as a reference.

Do you need to use equipment for Tai Chi fitness?

Traditional Tai Chi is a complete theoretical and technical system, and equipment holds an important position and proportion within it. Generally, equipment is considered a means to deepen one’s understanding of the martial art. It involves translating certain sensations and principles from the body into practice and application through the use of equipment. It is a process of re-creation and cannot be simply equated to transplanting the techniques of Tai Chi. Therefore, practicing with equipment is more challenging than practicing the bare-handed form. In traditional thinking, equipment training is seen as an advanced practice after mastering the bare-handed form. It is recommended to first excel in the bare-handed form before moving on to equipment. From the perspective of popular fitness, equipment practice can be used as an auxiliary means to enhance interest and broaden the range of choices. As long as the conditions allow, one can give it a try. There

are now many Tai Chi equipment routines available, such as Tai Chi sword, Tai Chi saber, Tai Chi ball, Tai Chi fan, and more. However, if you are fully focused on mastering the bare-handed form, it is not necessary to practice with equipment.

How to achieve “relaxation” or loses” in practicing Tai Chi?

Relaxation, or “song,” is one of the fundamental principles of Tai Chi and is particularly important for health maintenance. By achieving relaxation, the Tai Chi form can flow naturally and smoothly, and the mind can remain stable. Through practicing Tai Chi, one can release tension in the body and mind, promote the smooth flow of qi and blood, and cultivate a receptive and tranquil state. In Tai Chi, “relaxation” refers to the natural and relaxed state of the entire body, rather than being slack or lethargic. It requires the body to maintain a balance between softness and firmness. During the practice, all joints and muscles should be naturally relaxed wherever possible and necessary. The purpose of relaxation is twofold: firstly, it enables the practitioner to achieve “softness, roundness, slowness, and smoothness,” and the integration of movements; secondly, it helps to keep the chest and abdomen relaxed and calm, facilitating sinking the qi and stabilizing the center of gravity.

To fully achieve “relaxation” in Tai Chi, one needs to approach it from two aspects: externally, by focusing on the physical body, and internally, by maintaining a calm state of mind. Externally, the head should be suspended from above without losing the crown. The neck should be relaxed, avoiding stiffness. The torso should be upright and centered, with the spine naturally straight, neither leaning nor posing artificially. The chest should be slightly concave and the back naturally arched, allowing for relaxation of the chest and facilitating the natural functioning of the internal organs. The shoulders should be relaxed and the elbows hanging down, and the hips should be loose and relaxed. The buttocks should be naturally aligned without protruding, and the two hips should be relaxed, allowing the legs to move naturally without restriction. The knees should not protrude forward or sideways but align naturally with the toes. The palms of the hands and the soles of the feet should also be relaxed and not exerting force. Internally, one needs to maintain a calm mind and avoid nervousness so that the whole body can be relaxed. A quiet mind enables the execution of movements purely through intention, without relying on clumsy force. The waist and abdomen should be relaxed, and the breath should sink naturally, utilizing abdominal breathing to achieve “qi sinking to the dantian.” This not only prevents qi from rising but also stabilizes the center of gravity, facilitating smooth and agile movements without being slow or heavy.

What is the role of “receptive mind and substantial abdomen” in Tai Chi fitness? How can it be achieved?

“Receptive mind and substantial abdomen” is a theory of traditional Chinese health preservation. “Receptive mind” refers to a calm and focused mind, reducing distractions. The highest requirement is to be “free from any distracting thoughts” as having distractions consumes energy and is detrimental to health. “Substantial abdomen” means sinking the qi without floating it upward. If the qi floats upward, it can lead to restlessness and internal imbalance. Some martial arts and sports emphasize chest protrusion and abdominal contraction to enhance strength, but in Tai Chi, the emphasis is on concaving the chest and having a substantial abdomen, which aligns with the concept of “qi sinking to the dantian.” This creates a sense of fullness in the lower abdomen, allowing for a composed and stable performance of the form. When the body is stable, the breathing is even, and the mind is calm, one can achieve a state of “receptive mind and substantial abdomen.”

What are the common mistakes in practicing Tai Chi?

Some common mistakes in practicing Tai Chi include:

  1. Tension and stiffness: Failing to relax the body and allowing tension to persist inhibits the flow of energy and hampers the smoothness of movements.
  2. Insufficient sinking of the qi: If the qi remains in the upper body instead of sinking to the dantian, it can lead to instability and a lack of internal power.
  3. Improper body alignment: Deviations from the proper alignment, such as leaning forward or backward, can affect balance and stability.
  4. Lack of continuity and coordination: Disconnecting movements or performing them in a disjointed manner disrupts the flow and effectiveness of the form.
  5. Inaccurate weight distribution: Failing to distribute the weight evenly between the legs can lead to imbalance and difficulties in executing movements smoothly.
  6. Superficial movements: Merely focusing on the external appearance of the form without cultivating internal awareness and relaxation can result in shallow and ineffective practice.

It is essential to learn Tai Chi from a qualified instructor who can guide you in correcting these mistakes and refining your practice.

Anyone who starts practicing Tai Chi will inevitably make various mistakes. Continuously correcting these mistakes will lead to constant improvement, and the process of correcting errors is also a form of training. Therefore, when practicing Tai Chi, one should not be afraid of making mistakes and should be bold in their movements. Tai Chi follows the laws of the human body, and the state in which you feel comfortable while practicing is the correct state. However, summarizing some common mistakes can be helpful for everyone’s practice.

In the process of practicing Tai Chi, the most common mistakes include:

  1. Eagerly learning many movements: This can result in inadequate practice of the movements, lacking solidity and precision. If your movements are not thorough and your energy is not fully expanded, the effects will be limited. To overcome this, the key is to focus on quality rather than quantity when starting to learn. Emphasize the specifications and maintain this focus throughout the entire practice.
  2. Lack of a calm mind during practice: Tai Chi is a practice that combines both the body and mind. When the mind is calm, the qi flows smoothly. There is a saying about cultivation that goes, “Stealing a half-day of leisure.” When practicing Tai Chi, you should “steal” half an hour of leisure, letting go of all distractions and focusing solely on the practice. One of the distinctive characteristics of Tai Chi compared to other sports is its influence on temperament and mental state.
  3. Incoherent form: Each individual movement may be performed well, but the transitions between movements are not smooth enough. The Tai Chi form is a complete entity, not a collection of separate movements. If the transitions are not handled well, the essence of the form cannot be expressed, and your practice will not feel comfortable. Therefore, it is important to carefully study the connections between each movement and handle the transitions with attention to detail. This way, Tai Chi becomes a continuous and circular practice.
  4. Stiffness: Some people lack flexibility and practice Tai Chi with rigidity, as if performing a slow long fist routine. To overcome this, you can start by practicing one or two individual movements repeatedly to develop the feeling of Tai Chi, and then move on to practicing other movements.
  5. Being too “soft”: Some practitioners exhibit an excessively soft and weak practice, which some experts refer to as “pathological Tai Chi.” While Tai Chi emphasizes softness, it is still a martial art that embodies the concept of “softness within hardness.” As you practice, you should become more spirited and energized. It is incorrect to become increasingly listless and lacking in vitality. So, even though Tai Chi is “calm” and “soft,” it should be “calm yet lively,” with a softness that contains tension. It should be practiced with a full spirit and abundant energy, enabling the ability to “lift the spirit.”
  6. Lack of clarity: Lack of clarity refers to the practitioner’s unclear understanding of the positions and pathways of different body parts. Tai Chi follows circular movements, and the precision of the movements in space is not as exact as in mathematics. However, the coordination of the hands, eyes, body, technique, and steps in executing the form should be very clear. It is important not to approximate or guess, especially during the early stages of learning. It is better to miss a move precisely than to perform it incorrectly. Some experienced Tai Chi masters develop profound skills, and their circles become smaller, focusing more on the intention rather than the physical form. That represents an advanced level.

When starting to learn Tai Chi, it is important to address the following preparations and issues: Firstly, based on your own circumstances, choose a form that is suitable for you to practice. Secondly, get a simple and accurate Tai Chi instructional book

and read it. Thirdly, find a knowledgeable teacher or join a class for guidance. Fourthly, treat the beginning of your learning journey as the start of your training and don’t rush for immediate results. Fifthly, prepare simple attire, wear loose-fitting clothes, and lightweight shoes. It is advisable not to wear leather shoes. Lastly, and most importantly, make a firm determination and persevere in your practice.

How to study and improve by reading Tai Chi instructional books and using audiovisual materials?

There are many Tai Chi books, videos, and DVDs available now, so it is important to choose authoritative and accurate ones as a prerequisite. When studying through books and audiovisual materials, the first thing to do is to memorize the names of the movements you are learning. Many people who have practiced Tai Chi for years still cannot remember the names of each movement or fully correlate the movements with their names. Remembering the names helps in recalling the movements. When studying through books, it is essential to understand the direction of the movements and ensure consistency with the illustrated figures in the book. Instead of learning one movement at a time, it is recommended to read the entire description of the complete movement first to grasp the overall essence, and then learn the movements step by step. Pay close attention to key instructions and read them repeatedly to ensure accurate understanding. For more challenging movements, you can start by breaking them down and learning the upper body movements first, then the lower body movements, and finally coordinate them together. It is crucial to pay special attention to the directional orientation of each form. A way to check this is to compare your direction with the book’s direction after practicing a section; they should align throughout. Watching videos for practice is even more convenient. In addition to the aforementioned points, it is important to watch repeatedly. During the initial viewings, you can focus on specific parts, then observe the entire movement, the connections between movements, and finally the overall charm of the entire routine.

Is standing meditation necessary for Tai Chi fitness training?

Standing meditation, known as “Zhan Zhuang,” is an important training method in martial arts. Xingyi Quan has the San Ti Shi (Three-Body Posture), Shaolin Quan has Ma Bu Zhuang (Horse Stance), and Tai Chi Quan has Wu Ji Zhuang (Empty Stance), among others. These standing meditation exercises not only have an impact on combat effectiveness but also yield significant results in strengthening the body. Many martial artists emphasize that standing meditation should be practiced before learning the techniques. There is a saying in martial arts: “Without standing stance, there can be no firm foundation in martial arts.” Through standing meditation, one trains the mind to achieve a calm state, enhances sensitivity to the surrounding environment, and strengthens resistance. Moreover, it strengthens the body, particularly the lower limbs, gradually eliminating floating forces and allowing the generation of substantial internal forces. People who frequently practice standing meditation often experience a feeling of lightness and solidity in their bodies. Therefore, it is recommended to incorporate standing meditation into Tai Chi training.

Is Tai Chi primarily for older people and those with weak physical conditions?

This is a misconception. The fitness benefits of Tai Chi lie in transforming a weak body into a strong one, making the strong even stronger. Young people who practice Tai Chi can experience increased mental vigor, improved concentration, enhanced physical fitness, and increased flexibility. In fact, young people are more likely to fully leverage the advantages of Tai Chi practice.

What are the exercise hygiene considerations in Tai Chi training?

Tai Chi is an exercise and fitness activity that requires attention to exercise hygiene. When choosing a practice venue, it should have clean, well-ventilated, and even flooring. The venue should not be excessively damp and ideally not too hard. Avoid practicing under intense sunlight or in high temperatures. Clothing should be loose, soft, clean, and preferably sweat-absorbent. Shoes should not be too tight. Before engaging in a substantial routine practice, it is advisable to perform warm-up activities to loosen the joints and warm up the waist and legs gradually. It is also important to stay warm to prevent catching a cold, and some cool-down activities should be performed at the end of

the practice session. After exercising, remove any sweaty clothing promptly. Avoid practicing when hungry or immediately after a meal.

What is the internal power of Tai Chi?

One characteristic of Chinese martial arts is the emphasis on internal training. There is a saying in martial arts, “Internally cultivate your Qi, externally cultivate your muscles and skin.” Tai Chi Quan, Xingyi Quan, Bagua Zhang, and other styles are considered internal martial arts because they particularly focus on internal Qi training. The internal power of Tai Chi refers to the method of cultivating the inner elements of the human body. In general, the Tai Chi form is a set of internal power exercises because its principles emphasize the internal aspects. If one only focuses on the external appearance, it becomes “Tai Chi exercises” rather than true Tai Chi Quan. Specifically, Tai Chi Quan has several distinct internal power elements. Firstly, there is standing meditation (Zhan Zhuang), which is practiced in Tai Chi to cultivate internal energy. Secondly, there are methods of guiding and circulating Qi during the movements. Thirdly, there are breathing techniques that coordinate with the practice. In both traditional and modern routines, there are also forms specifically designed with the purpose of cultivating vitality (Jing Qi Shen).

When practicing Tai Chi forms for fitness, is it necessary to have a sense of combat?

Tai Chi Quan is a style of martial arts, and combat is inherent to martial arts. Therefore, when practicing Tai Chi Quan, it is important to have a sense of combat. Without this sense, the fundamental essence of Tai Chi Quan is lost. Since Tai Chi Quan is a martial art, its movements, intention, and structure revolve around combat. Without a sense of combat, it is impossible to fully understand the essence of Tai Chi Quan or appreciate its subtleties. It would also hinder the achievement of fitness goals. Therefore, even when practicing Tai Chi Quan for fitness purposes, it is best to approach each movement with a sense of combat.

Is it possible to practice multiple styles of Tai Chi forms simultaneously?

As different styles of Tai Chi Quan have their own characteristics, there are differences in their techniques and styles. However, as they all belong to the same category of Tai Chi Quan, there are significant similarities in training methods and approaches. After mastering one style of Tai Chi Quan, it is possible to explore other styles and find mutual reinforcement between them. It is even possible to try practicing other styles or forms of martial arts to gain new experiences. There are examples of old martial artists who have learned from different styles and gained valuable insights. However, it is important to note that when starting out, it is not recommended to practice multiple styles simultaneously. It is best to focus on one style and concentrate on mastering it, as practicing too many styles at once may result in confusion and inconsistency.

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