The basic principles of practicing Tai Chi Chuan for the shoulders, elbows, hands, wrists, and fingers. – Hong Junsheng

Tai Chi
Tai Chi

Shoulders: Should be relaxed, resembling the arms hanging from the shoulders like ropes. This not only keeps the arms and hands flexible but also maintains the body’s balance even when the arms are moved or pressed by external forces.

Elbows: Elbows should frequently sink with the relaxation of the shoulders. The extension and contraction of the arms should shift direction from the movement of relaxed shoulders and sinking elbows. This ensures that the body’s power reaches the hands appropriately and can adapt to changes when facing an opponent.

Hands: Hands come into contact with opponents during push-hands practice. While the arms should be soft, the hands should maintain a certain level of strength without being overly tense or rigid. Hand rotation and variations are akin to adjusting a balance to achieve equilibrium.

Wrists: Wrists are the roots of the hands. They should be erect, strong, and flexible, and their rotation is crucial in changing the direction and hand shapes.

Fingers: Fingers are the most agile, leading the change in arm movements. Internal force should be maintained at the middle of the middle finger, while external wrapping involves the small finger leading and the index finger assisting. In hand techniques, the fingers should move like turning screws, rotating repeatedly.

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